Sunday, June 28, 2020

Transcendental Wild Oats - Free Essay Example

Transcendental Wild Oats is a satirical work of art which was derived from Alcotts personal experience within her own family. The success of this story is based on the validity of the themes discussed, as well as the style of narration used to construct the story. For one, Alcotts point of view in the story and the third person narration allows her to discuss the utopian experiment. From her point of view, she observes the actions of the characters in the story, and reports it to the audience in a manner that comes off as reproaching the reckless venture, one that almost destroyed the family and the actions of the man who risked exposing his daughters and wife to poverty, anxiety and ostracism (Mills, 2007). Alcott speaks from experience. She understands the problems that arise from gender inequality from firsthand experience. The story applies irony to critic situations intended to culminate in a utopian world but which failed to support this premise. For example, Timon expressed his dissatisfaction with the consumption of animals, publicly yelling at Jane, claiming that eating a fish tail could nourish the world tiger in her bosom (Alcott, 2011). He is depicted as a critic of the vegetarian lifestyle. It is also ironic that the quest for a utopian world leads to a further loss of female freedom. Sister Hope worked tirelessly doing extra work at night so that the men could avoid working in the farm, which helped them save time to explore their individual inner natures ( Michael, 2016). The utopian world which was sought after in the Fruitlands was aimed at providing equal rights to all individuals of the community, but it was ironic that, while the animals were freed from suffering by being excluded from their diet, women continued to suffer in labor, not only carrying the burden of their lives, but also that of the men (Michael, 2016). The story applies a combination of tones from a satirical, comical and even serious tone depending on the effect that the author desires to achieve. The combination of tones can be seen as a creating difficulty in the communication of humor to the reader. The fact that the text does not wholly work as a parody, satire of burlesque (Mills, 2007) allows the author to switch between effects, so that the context dictates the kind of tone that the author picks, and consequently creates different ideas of approach towards different issues in the book. For example, the text opens with the description of groups journey, which is a serious tone, forming a foundation for the comical and satirical exploration of the actions and decisions made by the individuals of the group after their settling. The author later picks a comical approach to expose the irony in the ideas expressed by the vegetarians, those who were trying to protect animal rights while simultaneously neglecting the rights of thei r fellow human beings by overworking and underappreciating the labor of women. The fall of the imagined Utopian Fruitlands is described in a satirical tone, juxtaposing the ideas in the beginning of the establishment of the new world with the reality that the individuals had seen in the end. This is emphasized by the conversation that comes at the end of the book, here the author proposes that Apple Slump would be a better name for Fruitlands (Alcott, 2011), as they had failed to achieve the utopian system as they had envisioned. The organization of the events surrounding the establishment and the failure of the utopian world as desired by the characters of the text is another aspect of the story that contributes to its effective conceptualization as well as the communication of ideas. The story is largely themed on the inequality of men and women, where the success of the feministic approach is dependent on the organization of the plot. The text is organized in a way that allows the reader into the ideas that supported the construction of the utopian system in the very beginning. It describes aspects of the lifestyles adopted by the characters in an effort to support the system, such as the elimination of meat from the diet, while following the life of Sister Hope and her interactions with the rest of the characters, and especially those that pointed out her struggle in labor to support the system (Alcott, 2011). The fact that the plot includes the collapse of the Fruitlands completes the thought that inclu ding some members of the society in the plan of creating a utopian world while exempting some of the members who are equally participants in the fulfillment of this system creates a humorous imbalance which finally results in failure. The plot acknowledges the fault in the imbalanced ideas on which the individuals of Fruitlands created their system by pointing out that a womans selfless desire to support everyone does not help to support the group of women in the society, and this imbalance finally leads to the collapse of the whole system.

Friday, May 22, 2020

The Problem With Science Fiction Movies Today - 1095 Words

The Problem With Science Fiction Movies Today â€Å"May The Force Be With You.† These are the words that made Star Wars a phenomenon and broke ground in science fiction movies. Science Fiction has been around for such a long time and a director puts a lot of passion with the material. Although there have been many great science fiction movies, there are many bombs, and that has been especially the case with recent ones. (NOTE: For this I’m mainly going to stick with original Sci-Fi not franchises) The major problem with science fiction is that they tend nowadays to lean towards effects rather than ideas. Just recently with this years Jupiter Ascending, Transformers 4, Lucy, Oblivion, Battleship and more the focus tends to be on the scope and action. Rather than the ideas and plot. If you give a joblo director a big budget, you would get a movie that’s appealing to the eye but not to the mind. You can also get a movie that tries to be a mythological movie and fai ls. A prime example of this is in Wally Pfister s Transcendence. The plot is that a scientist played by Johnny Depp is almost killed and the only way to save him is by uploading him into a program like the internet. The film tries to be the next Blade Runner or 2001: A Space Odyssey. But it comes of as a snooze fest with phoned in acting, horrible direction and thinks too much of itself. Another one of the problems with science fiction is that it’s plot can be too simple or convoluted. One example of tooShow MoreRelatedThe Science Fiction Film Genre Essay1683 Words   |  7 PagesScience Fiction Films The science fiction film genre has been around almost as long as movies have, but like the cinema it is still a fairly young art form. This genre came into existence shortly after the invention of the movie camera in 1888 and has endured for over one-hundred years. Science fiction is adaptive; it changes with the times and this trend can be seen in its incorporation of other genres, cultural history and technology. This essay will attempt to define the genre, chronicle the historyRead MoreThe Role Of Parents Are Becoming A Common Picture1732 Words   |  7 Pagessociety aren’t the typical household piece you tend to see in movies and read in books. Before, it was always a mom and dad who were female and male. Today, a child doesn’t always have that, they can have two moms or two dads, and sometimes one or the other. Homosexuality and single parents are becoming a common picture you see in households. Each situation has its benefits, with problems forming with each situ ation as well. In science fiction, sometimes the roles of parents are completely gone due toRead MoreDesigning A New Urban Life Is Influential And Effects On The Society Of The Future1134 Words   |  5 Pagesand effects films. Science Fiction films are based off of WWI literature after planes and nuclear researchers, which reveal that the universe is not a dream. Forcing society to question if we are alone in the universe and wonder what is going on out there. After WWII, the improvement of the atomic bomb and Space Technologies influenced science fiction creating space age themes (E. D., 2015, February 8). Highly creative architecture is the result of its response to science fiction films that are derivedRead MoreThe Importance Of Science Fiction1459 Words   |  6 PagesScience fiction has indeed played a significant role in not only speculating about the future, but in many instances has actually shaped and molded some of the social and cultural norms we see today. Science f iction is about what could be, in the realm of actual scientific related possibilities, not farfetched ones. Look at Isaac Asimov’s speculative vision of robotics and mankind living side by side, in peace and harmony. When Asimov wrote the stories in compiled in I Robot, the idea that humansRead MoreValue Of Science Fiction909 Words   |  4 PagesThe popularity of science fiction is the consequent of high recognition in literature and entertainment industry. Yet, still some of the scholars merely view this genre as points of departure for critics and argument (Reider 2010, p.205). Regardless of the criticisms and argument from the scholarly sector, an important consideration is the extent to which science fiction genre could bring about future possibilities to the current state of the world. If we, the society as a whole could uphold thisRead MoreTwenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea: Jules Verne 1257 Words   |  5 Pagesfamous book Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea . it Gives a clue to his fascination with world travel adventures and the knowledge he was inspired by. Jules Verne is a globally known bestseller and is often referred as by many the father of science fiction (Derbyshire 1). According to biography.com he was Born in the seaport city of Nantes, France on February 8, 1828, he himself since was revealed to his citys port activity of ships in and out. Which would later as growing up inspire himRead MoreThe Science Fiction Genre And Genre Essay1781 Words   |  8 PagesThe science fiction film genre has been around almost as long as movies have, but like the cinema it is still a fairly young art form. This genre came into existence shortly after the invention of the movie camera in 1888 and has endured for over one-hundred years. Science fiction is adaptive; it changes with the times and this trend can be seen in its incorporation of other genres, cultural history and technology. This essay will attempt to define the genre, chronicle the history and evolution,Read MoreBack to the Future Directed by Robert Zemeckis1170 Words   |  5 Pagesaliens exist and that no one know what they would be like. As people are trying to find life on other planets today. The fear that people will potentially mess up the world by advancing in science too far. Due to the fact that the world today quickly advancing in all types of sciences That you can achieve any goals that you really want to. That being able to excel in the sciences is very possible. Uses sub-genres throughout the film such as comedy, romance and adventure. PeopleRead MoreA Closer Look At The Girl Who Was Plugged1300 Words   |  6 PagesA Closer Look at The Girl Who Was Plugged In Under the arbitrary male pseudonym James Tiptree Jr, Alice Bradley Sheldon was the real mind behind the short story, The Girl who Was Plugged. which takes place in a distant yet relatable future. Science fiction, in her time, was completely controlled and written by men, so that is reason for the pseudonym. The social struggle between men and women is a conflict that is deep-seated in human physiology. Men, in most cases, usually hold higher social statusRead MoreBig Influence On American Culture Essay1738 Words   |  7 Pages3 In the past couple years, there has been a noticeable uprise of comic items like movies, books and merchandise. The comics have a big influence on American culture ever since the 1940’s. Ever since then comics have an impact on the way people do, and see things. An example is the first comic cover of Captain America punching Hitler in the face. That cover showed that anyone could be a hero and that it was reflecting current events of the time by showing that America was in World War 2. Comic book

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Gender Stereotypes Are Disney Princesses Harmful Young...

Gender Stereotypes: Are Disney princesses harmful to young girls? In this society, there are proposition how each gender should conduct oneself, dress, and accord themselves. Kids that are growing up in the area have a person that they think are superhuman. For young girls they role models are Disney princesses. Disney princesses make great role models to girls they teach girls to have hope and courage. All the princesses have different stories and that makes it better for girls to understand. Although it may seem great parents think otherwise. Parents think they promote damaging stereotypes of women. There are many good intentions to show girls how strong that they could be one day just like the princesses. Many people feel as that†¦show more content†¦Monika Bartyzel, States â€Å"Princesses represent one insufficient form of feminine that has an immense collision on young civilization† (470, Bartyzel). Disney princesses’ films are made to give young princesses hope. In some cases, the princesses saved their prince. Pocahontas rescued her monarch and she conclude the fighting in the process of doing so. Mulan also saved her prince and conserve china while performance. In some stories the princesses ended up not being with the guy. This teaches young girls that not all things will come true, but it’s the thought that matters most. Doing nice things doesn’t always means that you should get a reward in return. People do nice things because it’s the right and better thing to do in life. Disney princess could be harmful to young girls who takes them as their role models. There are princesses better than others and some are awful role models. Some princesses instruct young girls that it’s fine to be unassertive, which is a bad thing to teach to young girls. Also, I find that some princesses modify themselves just to amuse a gentleman. Ariel the princess in â€Å"Little Mermaid† adjust each thing concerning herself for a man. She transferred up her intermediary to obtain limbs so that she could exist with a guy. As Bartzyel stated in line 468, â€Å"Taming her hair, and shrinking her breast. When young girl see’s that they will think that’s it’s okay to give up certain things just to be with someoneShow MoreRelatedGender Stereotypes : Disney Princesses Are Not Harmful To Young Girls1027 Words   |  5 PagesGender Stereotypes: Disney princesses are not harmful to young girls In this New age, there are proposition how each gender should conduct oneself, dress, and accord themselves. Kids that are growing up in the area have a person that they think are superhuman. For young girls their role models are Disney princesses. Disney princesses make great role models for girls they teach girls to have hope and courage. All the princesses have different stories and that makes it better for girls to understandRead MoreGender Stereotypes In Disney Princess Culture1356 Words   |  6 PagesFrom a young age, princess culture has impacted the lives of numerous people. Some individuals may have spent their childhood in the attire of their favorite Disney princess while they put on their best rendition of the character they admired most. Other children went seemingly unfazed by the phenomenon, as their peers remained spellbound by the magical world of princesses. With Disney’s debut of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, princess movies provided the defining fact or of the Disney entertainmentRead MoreGender Stereotypes In Disney1711 Words   |  7 PagesNot Born a Disney Princess, but the Tiara May Fit What young girl does not dream of becoming a princess and living in a castle happily ever after? Virtually every young girl identifies with princesses and has watched at least one Disney Princess movie. From the first movies of Snow White and Cinderella, to the later movies of The Little Mermaid and Beauty and the Beast, to the most current movie Moana, Disney Princess movies permeate not only the movie theaters, but also our culture. In fact, â€Å"becomingRead MoreYoung Children And Adults Alike1515 Words   |  7 Pagesgenerations. Along with these stories come morals, values, and stereotypes. A prevalent stereotype found in fairy tales deals with genders and their norms and children in their early developmental years are exposed to these gender stereotypes. These are used as a tool to help children develop their gender identity. As they endure over time, fairy tales continue to teach gender stereotypes and this perpetuates our society’s current beliefs of gender. Children develop their sense of identity and gainRead MoreDisney and Gender Identity Essay1426 Words   |  6 PagesDisney’s Influence Society cements certain roles for children based on gender, and these roles, recognized during infancy with the assistance of consumerism, rarely allow for openness of definition. A study conducted by Witt (1997) observed that parents often expect certain behaviors based on gender as soon as twenty-four hours after the birth of a child. The gender socialization of infants appears most noticeably by the age of eighteen months, when children display sex-stereotyped toy preferencesRead MoreThe Princess Ideal Beauty And The Beast1802 Words   |  8 Pagesseeing the dressed up characters walking around, seeing all the little girls dressed up as their favorite princesses, I can t help but wonder how Walt Disney took something from his imagination and made it into what it is today. Growing up, every little girl dreams of being just like the princesses that they see in their favorite Disney films. Whether that be Jasmine from Aladdin, or Belle from Beauty and the Beast, every little girl dreams of finding their own prince charming, getting married, andRead MoreThe Impact Of Disney Films On Children1767 Words   |  8 PagesThe Impact of Walt Disney Productions on Children A young girl with black hair and brown eyes sees a beautiful princess named Cinderella who has blond hair, blue eyes, and flawless skin. She believes she will never be as radiant and beautiful as the princess because they don’t look alike. Like this girl, there are many cases of Disney films having lasting negative effects on children. Disney influences children more than any other age group since most merchandise and movies are geared towardRead MoreDisney and Traditional Stereotypes Essays1054 Words   |  5 Pages A little girl sits on the floor with her gaze fixed on the television screen in front of her, watching magical images dance before her eyes and catchy songs flow through her ears. Even though she had seen it at least twenty times before, she still loved The Little Mermaid just as much as she did the first time she watched it. As she watched it, she longed to be a beautiful mermaid with a curvy body and wonderful singing voice like Ariel. She longed to b e saved by the handsome Prince Eric, and fallRead MoreAnalysis Of Disney s Disney 1320 Words   |  6 PagesDisney is hard to miss. The umbrella of the Disney Corporation reaches from books and toys to movies, television networks, and radio (Towbin 2003). Beginning around the age of 18 months, cartoons are the most interesting format of media to children (Thompson 1995). When young children spending so much time engaging in these forms of media, the messages they send are very important. When young children- boys and girls are absorbing all this information, aren t consciously aware of the stereotypicalRead MoreEffects Of Gender Roles And Sexuality1755 Words   |  8 PagesFocus topic: The effect of gender roles and sexuality depicted in Disney on children Article 1: Gender Role Portrayal and the Disney Princesses Some of the main research questions of the study can are all related to gender roles, such as ‘What are some gender roles issues that arise and can be depicted in Disney movies?’, ‘How will these films affect the child’s outcome on behaviour and their characteristics?’, ‘Will these films cause any harm to children?’ As well as the question of ‘Should

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Mr. R J 24 Hour Diet - 1416 Words

Mr. R J is a 70 year old male Mexican American with a history of type 2 diabetes and hypertension who came to the emergency room with a left lower extremities blanching erythema, mild swelling and warmth from dorsum of his foot to lateral calf. He is 5’5’’ tall, and his body mass index (BMI) is 36.6. After he had been admitted to the Medical/Surgical Unit, I walked into his room and introduced myself to him that I would be his student nurse for the shift, and I would like to talk about his current medical problem, diabetes. During my interviewed about Mr. R J 24 hour diet. He discussed that he did not have any environmental factors that stop him from walking, but he chose not to walk. He preferred to do grocery shopping with his car. He†¦show more content†¦He told me that he was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in December 2010. Since his doctor prescribed rapid acting insulin for his diabetes, I asked him if it is acceptable to talk about his medical condition in front of his family. He gave me consent to talk about his medical problems in front of his wife and children. I suggested to him about the need to take his insulin shot right before eating a meal. I informed him about the insulin medications that he was taking which was lispro and have an onset of 10 to 30 minutes, peak time of 30 to 3 hours and a duration of 3 to 5 hours. Furthermore, I emphasized the need for him to eat a balanced diet, and the importance of exercise. I encouraged him to eat small amount of carbohydrates during 30 mi nutes of exercise to prevent hypoglycemia. I also taught him that the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia are tachycardia, irritation, excessive hunger, restless, diaphoretic and depression. He told me that he did not like to work and do any activity besides going to his job. I brought some articles about how eating healthy, taking his medication, and how regular exercise has shown to prevent, and slow down the progressive process on type two diabetes. I suggested to him to start to work around his neighborhood, and later he could find a support group of friends can walk together with. Mr. Lewis states that â€Å"the goals of diabetes management are to reduce symptoms, promote well-being,Show MoreRelatedMr. R J Is A 70-Year-Old Mexican American Male With A History1657 Words   |  7 PagesMr. R J is a 70-year-old Mexican American male with a history of type 2 diabetes and hypertension. He came to the emergency room with a left lower extremities blanching, erythema, mild swelling and warmth from dorsum of his foot to lateral calf. He is 5’5’’ tall, and his body mass index (BMI) is 36.6. After he had been admitted to the Medical/Surgical Unit, I walked into his room and introduced myself to him. I let him know that I would be his student nurse for the shift, and I would like to talkRead MorePatient Centred Care Essay3122 Words   |  13 Pagesbased on the Case study of a patient named as Mrs Ford. It will be written as a logical account, adopting a problem solving approach to her care. She is elderly and has been admitted onto a medical ward in the hospital, following a stroke. This essay analyses the care that she will receive and focuses on the use of assessment tools in practice. Interventions will be put in place directly relating to the assessment feedback and in line with best practice. Mrs Ford is a 70 year old lady who has been admittedRead MoreManagement of Fluid Overload in Chronic Renal Failure4584 Words   |  19 Pagesbut it is normal to fall GFR with age (Ferenbach and Wood, 2005, p.16). Patient Profile I will refer to the patient as Mr. Frank to maintain the patient’s confidentiality in accordance with the Nursing and Midwifery Council Code of Professional Conduct (NMC, 2004 and 2010). Mr. Frank was referred to the dialysis unit due to high uremic symptoms associated with CRF in August 2008. Mr. Frank is 76 years old, retired. He comes thrice a week for dialysis. In the beginning, his renal functions were relativelyRead MoreA Short Note On The And Its Effects On The Circulatory System Essay2931 Words   |  12 PagesQ.1 Hypovolemic shock is a decreased volume of blood in the circulatory system, which caused by fluid and/or blood loss (Garretson Malberti, 2007, p. 47-48). This volume depletion in Mr Jensen’s case could have occurred as a result of his traumatic injury and surgery. As a result of the fluid and/or blood loss the body can enter into different phases of the hypovolemic shock, including initial, compensatory, progressive and refractory (Garretson Malberti, 2007, p. 47-48). Once the loss of fluid/bloodRead MoreThe Causes And Risk Factors Affecting The Death Disease Of Coronary Heart Diseases2185 Words   |  9 Pageschambers) can also lead to MI (Riedl, 2016). Risk Factors: The risk factors include age, male sex, family history and ethnic background, smoking, abnormal lipids, hypertension, diabetes, lack of exercise, unhealthy diet and obesity (Grech, 2010). There are several risk factors in case of Mr. Savea such as: †¢ Age is 54 o Men above 45 are considered under risk for coronary heart diseases (Boiocchi et al., 2011). †¢ Samoan ethnic background o People from this background have high rates of obesity,Read MoreFamily Health Assessment Gcu Nrs 429 Essay example2378 Words   |  10 Pagesdo receive all recommended vaccinations. They are compliant in taking prescribed medications. Mother gets an annual eye exam, but neither mother or daughter have seen a dentist over the past few years (Johnson family, personal communication, June 24, 2012). Nutritional-Metabolic Pattern: The Johnsons are a busy family. Because of school and work commitments they share few meals together. Many meals are frequently consumed outside the home and consist of convenience or fast foods. DespiteRead MoreCare Plan on Stroke4717 Words   |  19 Pagesdisabilities and cognitive deficit (McFerran 2008). Therefore, stroke can affect the quality of life of an individual from the lack of communication, mobility and independence and intern can cause one to become depressed. This essay is concerning the case of Mr. Alfred Smith who was admitted to hospital with muscle and facial weakness with asymmetry and no movement to the left side of his body. He was eventually diagnosed with left-sided stroke resulting in right-sided hemiplegia affecting his balance andRead MoreLinear Solution6084 Words   |  25 Pagesboth the diet and fuel blending problems presented here are tiny compared to huge real-world blending problems. But they do provide some sense of the issues to be faced. Second, diet problems that are missing the constraints that force variety into the diet can be terribly embarrassing. It has been said that a hospital in New Orleans ended up with an LP solution to feed each patient only castor oil for dinner because analysts neglected to add constraints forcing a well-rounded diet. AlternativeRead MoreEvidence Based Nursing Care For A 57 Year Old Gentleman Who Has Been Recently Diagnosed With Acute Coronary Syndrome2805 Words   |  12 Pageswith the family will learn how to manage the illness, accumulate more knowledge about it and how to overcome the outcomes of the effects. The main area that will be explored in more depth throughout this essay is the client education which will assist Mr. Peter while in hospital and after discharge. The three areas of client education will be medication compliance, weight loss/exercising and smoking considerations. As family centred care plays an important part within a client’s life, it is essentialRead MoreAmspar Business Project Essay4790 Words   |  20 Pages Present Situation 11 METHODOLOGY 14 PESTLE Analysis 18 PESTLE Analysis 20 SWOT Analysis 22 Options for Implementation 23 Cost Benefit Analysis 27 CONCLUSION 28 RECOMMENDATIONS 29 BIBLIOGRAPHY 30 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Lt Col J Taylor, Senior Medical Officer and Liz Thurley RGN for their time and sympathetic help in providing answers to my many questions. Hannah Beck, Practice Administrator, for her help in compiling the practice statistics. All the Staff at the McBean

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Sigmond Freud Was Born On May 6, 1856, In The Freiberg,

Sigmond Freud was born on May 6, 1856, in the Freiberg, Austria (A E Television networks, 2016). His parent’s names were Jakob and Amalie. Freud moved to Vienna at the age of four, where he would spend most of his life. In 1881, he received his medical degree, and became engaged to Martha Bernays (A E Television networks, 2016). His marriage would produce six kids; Anna, Ernst, Oliver, Mathilde, Jean Martin, and Sophie. After Freud’s graduation, he became a clinical assistant at the general hospital in Vienna (Bradford, 2016). Sigmond was influenced from Josef Breur, also a doctor. Josef was able to get a hysterical patient to talk about her earliest symptoms unconsciously (A E Television networks, 2016). â€Å"Freud posited†¦show more content†¦If it wasn’t released, then it would be released through dreams (Bradford, 2016). Freud’s main arguments in the book were that dreams were our desires and dreams in real life. The â€Å"Manifest† part of the dream was the sights and sounds, and the â€Å"Latent† part of the dream was the hidden meaning behind it (Bradford, 2016). Freud published many more books, including The Psychopathology of Everyday Life, which talks about the possible reasons for forgetting things such as a person’s name or remembering certain events. His reasoning for all that is subconscious depression. (SigmundFreud.net, 2015). The book also talks about how the littlest things of life, such as dreams, or minor human actions, have some important meaning (SigmundFreud.net, 2015). The book overall contributed a lot to the understanding of psychoanalysis. He believed that our minds were like an iceberg, in which the tip was our conscious state, and the rest, the subconscious (SigmundFreud.net, 2015). In 1905, he came out with a book called â€Å"Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality.† He mentions three states that early childhood kids go through. Stage one is known as the â€Å" Curiosity† stage in which a child is interested in why he was built the way he was with

Role of Education in 21st Century Free Essays

Role of education in 21st  century Long, long ago, Newton had said that he was ‘like a child, who is  picking pebbles at sea-shore while the great ocean of knowledge lies before me’. Since then, knowledge has grown enormously at  a much faster speed than human ability to cope with it. Technological advancements of twentieth century, especially during post 1970? s due to revolution in the field of information technology, have changed the whole scenario. We will write a custom essay sample on Role of Education in 21st Century or any similar topic only for you Order Now Entering into world of knowledge is like going into a dense forest. Only way out is to develop clarity of thought/mind, as to what one wants to know  and make sincere efforts to  pursue relevant knowledge in that specific area. Also it is equally important to upgrade knowledge continuously. As  Alvin Toffler, renowned writer has said, â€Å"The illiterate of twenty-first century will not be those who can not read or write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn. † Purpose of education Unfortunately, meaning and purpose of literacy and education is misunderstood. Literacy does not merely mean the knowledge of three ‘R’s, nor does it  mean only academic or theoretical studies/knowledge leading to award of degrees. Increasing knowledge-base through available information is also  not the purpose of learning. Bookish-knowledge and award of degrees through formal education without effective training-systems neither serves  any purpose  nor led the people to get employed gainfully. As Khalil Gibran has said – knowledge, the object of knowledge and application of the knowledge – all the three are equally important for motivating to take a wise action. A little knowledge that acts is worth more than much knowledge that is inactive. One, whose knowledge is confined to books, cannot use his wealth of knowledge, whenever required. The scope of education – The scope of education is much broader. It is a continuous process. It means complete up-bringing of the individual starting from the childhood till end. In its wider sense, literacy and education embraces within itself reading, observation, thought and its application in real life situations. Within its jurisdiction, also comes formation of habits, manners, character, attitude and aptitude along with imparting knowledge. Learning at each and every stage of life increases knowledge-base, understanding and attitudes of a person. A well-planned and sound system of education inspires human beings to control their senses, mind and intellect, so that they could be adjusted better in real life’s environment. It guides people to achieve their goals within time and cost parameters and to channelize their efforts towards desired direction. In short, a sound education system imparts knowledge, shapes attitudes, cultivates skills and builds work habits of the people. Distinction between action, forbidden action, and in-action – Knowledge has  been considered essential for the purpose of giving activities, their due meaning and value. According to Hindu philosophy even a wise man may get puzzled without knowledge about do’s and don’ts. It is only after the acquisition of knowledge, that a person  understands the real nature of work and could distinguish correctly between action, forbidden action and in-action. India and its Education system High regard for knowledge- India has always given importance to and showed a high regards for knowledge, wisdom, virtues, characters and will power. According to Indian philosophy, ‘Wealth of knowledge is supreme among all forms of wealth’. (Vidya dhanam sarvadhana pradhanam). Therefore, knowledge is the greatest thing to be sought after. A human being is human because he has the organic capacity to think and seek knowledge. More importance to knowledge than wealth – Unlike India, in Western countries, more importance is being given to creation of wealth. Wealth is the ultimate aim of the people, yardstick of success and a status symbol. Traditional India was not so materialistic. Its systems had separated pursuit and achievement in knowledge from temptations of worldly comforts, wealth or power-politics. According to Indian philosophy, when a person runs blindly after money and forgets about the real purpose of knowledge, both wealth and knowledge vanishes from their lives. The only judicious way to generate wealth and gain power goes via the path of true knowledge. Knowledge as the base of ranking – Earlier the greatness of a person, institution or a nation was judged on the basis of the degree of righteousness and justice. Greatness of a nation was judged  with which its administration governed lives of the common men or their character. It was not on the basis of the size of a state, its military power  or its treasury/bank-balance. Similarly, in the society, a person or a caste was ranked on the basis of knowledge, iscipline and moral standards, and not on the basis of material success, muscle or money power or of having controlling  power over the destiny of common man. Respect for knowledgeable persons – In ancient India, apart from Brahmins, others were also paid respect  by the society  for their learning, character, spirituality and ability to guide  general masses. The system was quite liberal in this matter. It grace fully accepted the right and opportunity to get to the top from the humblest origin and earn the respect of the whole society. For example, Vashishtha, the principal of the conservative school of Brahmanism, was the son of Uravshi, a prostitute. Vishwamitra, the maker of the very Gayatri Mantra, the quintessence of the Vedic Brahmanism, was a Kshatriya. Aitreya, after whom the sacramental part of Rig-Veda is named as Aitreya Brahamana, was the son from a non-Aryan wife of a Brahman sage. Vyasa of Mahabharata fame was the son of a fish-woman (belonging to Mahr community – Dalit according to present standards and to which Dr Ambedkar, the messiah of Dalits belonged). Balmiki, an untouchable according to present standards, the original author of Ramayana, is highly respected all over India. None of them were not ashamed of  their origin. They still hold a very high position in general public minds. Close connection between Knowledge and hard work -For acquiring knowledge, training mind in a scientific manner and concentrating energies of mind, one has to struggle, work hard, make sincere efforts and face many challenges in life. Now-a-days, courage  to struggle or work hard is missing except in a few students, who still keep the fire of seeking knowledge burning all the time. Without hard-work, search for knowledge remains incomplete and superficial. In ancient India sages (Rishi-Munies) had worked day and night to acquire true knowledge. The love for knowledge inspired many students to walk from different parts of the country to centers of learning at that time like Taxila or Nalanda. A powerful Emperor, like Ashoka the great, thought it his duty, to bow before the monks â€Å"as a mark of my deep respect for their learning, wisdom and sacrifice. What matters in life, are not a person’s status or position, but his virtues and wisdom. Only when you have raised yourself up from ignorance, can you recognize the greatness of a few in a sea of humanity. † For creating modern civilization, sincere knowledge seekers in Western world also did not care for inconveniences or challenges. They had sacrificed their time (for about two centuries), energies and comforts in search of knowledge. Then only they could develop great modern scientific knowledge, technique and wealth. Education  in modern India Sixty four years after independence and self-rule, lliteracy-rate has gone up to 74% from 65%. For males it has risen to 82% from 75%, for females to 65% from 54%. In absolute number, the figure is alarming. No nation can afford to have a large number of its population to remain illiterate, ignorant and unskilled. Constraints That all is not well in education system in India – has been noted by distinguished academicians, policy-makers, political leaders, other eminent persons, commissions and committees. Now and then, they have pointed out its failures in one area or another. It has always been felt that Modern education has become increasingly unrelated to national needs and aspirations, insufficient, wasteful and dysfunctional. In addition to what constraints that have already  been  existing in the education system, many more external and internal problems,  paradoxes and constraints have cropped up. Some defects in modern education based on colonised British Grammer School type education, were pointed out by  Gandhiji like – * It is based upon foreign culture to the almost entire exclusion of the indigenous culture. It ignores the culture of heart and hand and confines itself simply to head * Real education is impossible through foreign medium. External Constraints – Externally, socio-economic and political pressures have violated its identity and autonomy. Some changes have taken place in the recent past in the character, role and inter-relationship of these main constituent of the national elites – the political executiv e, the legislators, the businessmen, the media persons, the organized workers, the surplus farmers and the bureaucrats. It brought into the forefront some undesirable social changes and political turmoil. It has affected adversely the whole atmosphere in the field of education as well. Population explosion has put a heavy pressure on present education system and its available infrastructure. Narrow loyalties, sectional interests and sub-cultures like – favoritism, nepotism and corruption have fast become an accepted way of life. Result is that communal, regional and caste conflicts and unhealthy ompetition between different powerful lobbies are increasing every day to have their exclusive hold on scarce resources available in the field of education or for power and pelf. Few persons and groups, who have the power in their hands, control almost every walk of national life and are working to deny justice to common men. The reflection of all these social evils is found in the educational system as well. Internal Constraints – Internally the system has been fractured along the lines of disci pline deteriorating standard of education in general and student sub-culture. Slowly but steadily, the education system lost its capacity to equip the younger generation with relevant knowledge and skills for enabling them to get gainfully employed and to perform their jobs with a sense of responsibility. It has failed to produce much-needed dynamism in youth as well. Now people have started questioning the legitimacy of a modern education system itself. Disintegrate society – Instead of being an instrument of social integration, education system divides people into two groups – ‘haves’ and ‘have-nots’. There is government or government aided schools that give education to poor masses. It is economical, but do not maintain good standard. On the other hand there are private schools, which caters mainly the needs of ‘Haves’, because it is very costly. Deteriorating standards – After independence, India is facing a rapid deterioration in standards of education. In the past, though education was thinly spread, it had maintained some standard. Now in an attempt to do quantitative expansion of education, quality of education suffered a lot. The examination and evaluation system tests only a narrow range of skills, especially those of memory. Standard of general education has deteriorated considerably and suffers from grave errors. In addition to it, there is lot of  interference and control of the government at every stage of the educational process. Unfit for original work – Education system in advanced countries makes student a lively, inquisitive and original thinking person. There, it has been able to develop certain special qualities  like regards for laws of the nation, awareness, contempt  for hypocrisy,  sympathy for  underdog and courage to resist cruelty or misuse of power and authority. An educated youth in India generally fails to display genuine social conscience. Store-house of information – Importance of information in knowledge, which provides the basis of all the thinking, cannot be denied. However, present education system at all stages of education, from preliminary through secondary right up-to the college stage makes mind a store-house of information/knowledge and discourages original thinking. It lays emphasis on giving students ready-made knowledge, systematically and neatly organized in the form of lessons, units and text book. English medium – English medium puts extra strain upon the nerves of students and makes them crammers, imitators and unfit for original work and thought. Masses remains deprived. System is producing mostly the youth, who are unable to express clearly in any language, including their own and lack woefully the competence and confidence to assume responsibilities. Higher secondary, the weakest link in Indian education system – Higher secondaryeducation is considered  to be insufficient and a weakest link in Indian education system. It needs sincere efforts to improve the Academic standards, curricula and methods of teaching at higher secondary level. In western countries the standard of higher secondary education is sufficiently high to ensure recruits of higher intellectual attainment to join various jobs at this stage. Degree-oriented: The whole system of education and employment is degree oriented. Degree is the master-key to a nice and respectable career giving status, authority and final reprieve from manual work. Such a narrow mind-set has put tremendous pressure on higher education system. A large number of new substandard and superfluous institutions are being created every day to meet the demand. Government also encourages mass entry into universities and colleges. Rush in institutions are of such students as well, who want degree as a passport and are not interested in studies. Such students seize every opportunity to spoil the academic atmosphere and breed indiscipline. Indiscipline- There is a growing unrest in the student community. Youth of the day want to be absolutely free from all compulsions. For them, discipline and observance of rules are supposed to be unnecessary and irrational. They have no respect for rules/discipline/morality or for elders, teachers or authority. Their interests lie in all that is sensuous, in material gains and in enjoying pleasures in life. Indiscipline in student’s world leads to chaos and violence. It makes people slaves of their weaknesses. Employability – One of the major aims of education is to make youth employable. At present it is difficult to find out and recruit well qualified persons for various jobs in government, public or private sectors. At pre-employment stage, education needs to be comprehensive in scope and sound in nature for making youth acceptable in job-market. It needs to be supplemented by rigorous foundation training telling the fundamentals of their specific jobs and inculcating in them relevant knowledge and skills, otherwise effectiveness, efficiency and quality of work gets a setback. At present, all the basics about their jobs are told to employees after their join work-force, which requires a much more massive effort in order to make employees do their jobs well. Unrealistic Manpower Assessment – Assessment of manpower requirement for economic growth is not done rationally according to national needs. After Independence, the need for technical people was felt and in recent past for management experts. The Government created large number of professional institutions in these areas without assessing the needs of the nation. It resulted in educated unemployment. A large number of scientists, doctors, engineer’s technicians and management graduates have to go abroad in search of suitable jobs. Therefore, for streamlining the performance of people at work after employment, most essential and fundamental requirement is that the character and scope of pre-employment educational system should be redesigned in such a way, that it could continuously provide men and women of vitality, vigor, initiative and imagination with intellectual accomplishments, qualifications and soundness of character needed in different disciplines and at different levels at job market. Where the fault lies? – For all these lacunas, students blame teachers, teachers blame students. Both together try to blame educationists. They, in turn, attack social system. The present system of education  can not be changed or improved overnight. It needs concentrated efforts of all – students, teachers and the society. Then only  a larger base of skilled and trained manpower could be created. Conclusion Rational thinking needs to be done about the real problems and the role of education in modern life after understanding its basics, fundamentals and aims correctly. The requirement of a university degree as a Passport for starting nice and respectable career (white collard jobs) has made a mockery of higher education. Such an attitude has by-passed the need to â€Å"educate all†, resulted in negligence of primary and higher secondary education and in over-crowding the institutions of learning. The stress on quantitative increase has subverted all the attempts to improve the quality of teaching and learning. It has led to continuous fall in the academic standards and students’ discipline, regional imbalances in the growth of educational institutions and politics in the temples of learning. In the present times of neck to neck competition, one should continuously upgrade knowledge. It is the best way to create a larger base of skilled and trained manpower. Education should  instill in students problem-solving attitude and develop the courage to meet the challenges of real life bravely. Instead of offering excuses or blaming others for one’s failures and dissatisfaction,  it should inculcate in students the spirit to face the difficult situations in life and make efforts to change  their destiny themselves. Education must teach people always try to have control over ones life’s situations and to stand up on his own feet rather than depending on others for moving forward. Success  in life depends on developing capacity and courage to take right decisions at right time. Only sound system of education and training  can provide a lasting solution for various problems, people are facing today. It  can lead the youth towards rational, positive and creative thinking. It would make youth capable to make right decision at right time, plan rationally about their career that would suit to their attitude and aptitude and to shoulder their responsibilities properly. It would enable them to act judiciously and promptly, give them courage to avoid out-dated traditions and dogmatic ways of doing things, courage to face realities and challenges. How to cite Role of Education in 21st Century, Papers

Composition of Myself free essay sample

My mind is a poem. I stand like a freak amongst night shadows and street vents, rushing idiotically behind my left hand and my inspirational right hand. I write to free myself. My young mind uncoils with emotions that spill out onto the paper, and they will remain there until the dust of future years rolls them off the surface. I keep a leather book, whose crisp yellowed pages and beautifully frayed edges are filled with my personal philosophy, my personal statements, and my metaphysical complexities. It is in the leather binding that my elbows and fingertips steadily rust. There is an owl carved into the leather of the front cover. Its wisdom, its many tall-standing years make me want to grow and learn. I keep the physical book in my palm, by my side; I keep the book of my soul inside and in a constant process of flowing outward into my hand and filling back up inside my mind. We will write a custom essay sample on Composition of Myself or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It is in our self-reliant philosophy that we live engrained in heartbreak and grow in reconciliation. My leather book, as I have come to believe, will never run out of pages. It has remained half-full and half-anxious through love, heartbreak, torment, achievement, and most importantly, hours amounting to years of growth. I was first inspired to write at an early age and have been feeding on a variety of inspiration ever since. Writing has become the filler for every void, loss, or absence in my life, taking on and breaking out, the words that were embedded in the looking glass. Words have come to mean so much to me. Words are to me what paint, pastels, or tiles, are to an artist. I see every word uniquely and in a different light each time I encounter it. My muse lies in my heart, in human growth, in love, in heartbreak. My works are based on my personal experiences, my personal growth. I am the wonder in the world and the space between my hands. Every day brings new words. The str uggles, the blessings, and the memories all spell out the words which beautifully crowd my inner self. Every onrush is brought on by new hopes, new dreams, new tears, and new encounters. The life I live on paper is above the human head. It is steps above physicality. My words are not observant words. They are foreign to the mind, but familiar to the heart. They are familiar when on their own, together, and in a poem. The Merriam-Webster online dictionary defines a poem as a â€Å"composition in verse.† If one may wish to stick by this definition, then so be it, but I must disagree. Can it be that a poem is simply just a composition in verse? Imagine Dickinson devoting her entire life to writing â€Å"compositions in verse.† I cannot fathom such a possibility. It is in the texture of the rain that our remaining years become apparent. Ms. Dickinson had expression of inner self in mind. She used her paper to let her guard down, to preach her words, her talents. The dictionary may be the greatest of all human resources, but it cannot break into our souls. Our souls empower the poetry. The poetry is a self-reflection, a written soul. I wrote a letter to myself and kept it in a romance novel. I called this letter a poem. The paragraphs and the pages, though lovely and sometimes enchanting, can sometimes amount to less in feeling than a few horizontal lines of beautiful words and elegant phrasing. We are all unique on paper. Our syllables are distinctively unlike one another’s. I am a listener who kisses every moment to the last; we are all each other, one another, once again. When it comes down to it, our own words, though unique and distinctively ours, are part of a universal language. I write beneath the fresh-smelling leather, beginning with a composition in verse and ending with a beautifully woven, free-versed literary work. The weaving process is what keeps me moving day to day. It keeps me alive inside. It is in the texture of my own skin and the swirl of my hand that I become radiant. It is in the ninety degree angles of each bent knuckle that the rain falls with new rhythm, with new feeling. It is in my own palm, my own nerves, myself.